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Bibliography of Scholarly Works on Secretaries-General


Kofi Annan, Interventions: A Life in War and Peace (New York: Penguin Press, 2012).

Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Unvanquished: A US-UN Saga (New York: Random House, 1999).

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Pilgrimage for Peace: A Secretary General’s Memoir (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997).

Dag Hammarskjöld, Markings (New York: Knopf, 1964).

Trygve Lie, In the Cause of Peace (New York: Macmillan, 1954).

U Thant, Views from the UN (Green City, NY: Doubleday, 1978).

Kurt Waldheim, In the Eye of the Storm: A Memoir (Bethesda, MD: Adler & Adler, 1985).


Secondary Sources

Sydney D. Bailey, The Secretariat of the United Nations (New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1962).

James Barros (1989) Trygve Lie and the Cold War: the UN Secretary-General Pursues Peace, 1946-1953 (DeKalb, Ill: Northern Illinois University Press, 1989).

Simon Chesterman (ed.), Secretary or General? The UN Secretary-General in World Politics (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Seymour Maxwell Finger, Bending With the Winds: Kurt Waldheim and the United Nations (New York: Praeger, 1990).

Bernard J. Firestone, The United Nations under U Thant, 1961-1971 (Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 2001).

Raymond Blaine Fosdick, The League and the United Nations after Fifty Years; the Six Secretaries-General (Newtown, Conn.: Raymond B. Fosdick 1972).

Thomas M. Franck, “The Secretary-General’s Role in Conflict Resolution: Past, Present and Pure Conjecture,” European Journal of International Law 6 (1995), pp. 360-87.

Thomas M. Franck and Georg Nolte, “The Good Offices Function of the UN Secretary-General,” in Adam Roberts and Benedict Kingsbury (eds), United Nations, Divided World: The UN’s Roles in International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993), pp. 143-82.

Manuel Fröhlich, Political Ethics and the United Nations: Dag Hammarskjöld as Secretary-General (Abingdon: Routledge, 2008).

Anthony Gaglione, The United Nations under Trygve Lie, 1945-1953 (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001).

Richard Gowan, “Floating Down the River of History: Ban Ki-moon and Peacekeeping, 2007-2011,” Global Governance 17.4 (2011), pp. 399-416.

Leon Gordenker, The UN Secretary-General and Secretariat (London: Routledge, 2010).

Shirley Hazzard, Countenance of Truth: The United Nations and the Waldheim Case (New York: Viking, 1990).

Ian Johnstone, “The Role of the UN Secretary-General: The Power of Persuasion Based on Law,” Global Governance 9 (2003), pp. 441-458.

Robert S. Jordan (ed.), Dag Hammarskjöld Revisited: The UN Secretary-General as a Force in World Politics (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic, 1983).

Tapio Kanninen, Leadership and Reform: The Secretary-General and the UN Financial Crisis of the Late 1980s (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1995).

Kent J. Kille, From Manager to Visionary: The Secretary-General of the United Nations (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

Roger Lipsey, Hammarskjöld: A Life (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press; 2013).

John W. Masland, “Secretariat of the United Nations,” Public Administration Review 5 (1945), pp. 364-372.

Stanley Meisler, Kofi Annan: A Man of Peace and a World of War (Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley, 2007).

Theodor Meron, The United Nations Secretariat: The Rules and Practice (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1977).

Thant Myint-U and Amy Scott, The UN Secretariat: A Brief History (1945-2006) (New York: International Peace Academy, 2007).

Ramses Nassit, U Thant in New York, 1961-1971: A Portrait of the Third UN Secretary-General (London: Hurst, 1988).

Edward Newman, The UN Secretary-General from the Cold War to the New Era: A Global Peace and Security Mandate (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998).

Colin A Paris, Le secrétaire général des Nations Unies; son rôle dans la solution des conflits internationaux (Paris: A Colin, 1971).

Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Humanitarian Good Offices in International Law: The Good Offices of the United Nations Secretary-General in the Field of Human Rights (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1983).

Bertrand G. Ramcharan, “The History, Role and Organization of the “Cabinet” of the United Nations Secretary-General,” Nordic Journal of International Law 59.1 (1990), pp. 103-116.

Ellen Jenny Ravndal, “’The First Major Test’: The UN Secretary-General and the Palestine Problem, 1967-9,” The International History Review 38.1 (2016), pp. 196-213.

Benjamin Rivlin and Leon Gordenker (ed.), The Challenging Role of the UN Secretary-General: Making the “Most Impossible Job in the World” Possible (London: Praeger Publishers, 1993).

Arthur W. Rovine, The First Fifty Years: The Secretary-General in World Politics 1920-1970 (Leyden: A. W. Sijthoff, 1970).

Stephen M. Schwebel, The Secretary-General of the United Nations: His Political Powers and Practice (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952).

Stephen M. Schwebel, “The Origins and Development of Article 99 of the Charter: The Powers of the Secretary-General of the UN,” The British Yearbook of International Law 28 (1951), pp. 372-376.

Marie-Claude Smouts, Le secrétaire général des Nations Unies: sn rôle dans la solution des conflits internationaux (Paris: A. Colin, 1971).

Paul C. Szasz, “The Role of the UN Secretary-General: Some Legal Aspects,” New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 24 (1991), pp. 161-198.

James Traub, The Best Intentions: Kofi Annan and the UN in the Era of American World Power (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2006).

Brian Urquhart, Hammarskjöld (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1972).

Jorge E. Viñuales, The UN Secretary General between Law and Politics: Towards an Analytical Framework for Interdisciplinary Research (Geneva: Graduate Institute of International Studies, 2005).

Susan A. Williams, Who Killed Hammarskjöld? The UN, the Cold War and White Supremacy in Africa (London: C. Hurst & Co, 2011).