Home > Research > Bibliographies > Development



A Guide to the World Bank
This completely revised and updated third edition provides an accessible and straightforward overview of the World Bank Group's history, organization, mission, and purpose.

Global Development Horizons 2011
The first edition of a new World Bank flagship report, 'Global Development Horizons 2011' addresses the shift in the balance of global growth from developed to emerging economies, the rise of emerging-market firms as a force in global business, and the evolution of the international monetary system toward a multicurrency regime.

Cities and Climate Change
This book provides the latest knowledge and practice in responding to the challenge of climate change in cities.  Case studies focus on topics such as New Orleans in the context of a fragile environment, a framework to include poverty in the cities and climate change discussion, and measuring the impact of GHG emissions.

World Development Indicators 2011
Looking for accurate, up-to-date data on development issues? 'World Development Indicators' is the World Bank's premier annual compilation of data about development. This indispensable statistical reference allows you to consult over 800 indicators for more than 150 economies and 14 country groups in more than 90 tables.

Atlas of Global Development
'This is an excellent, up-to-date source book which will be invaluable for students of, and staff teaching, higher levels of geography.

Global Monitoring Report 2011
With less than five years left to achieve the MDGs, this year's report looks at the prospects and challenges for reaching the goals. It also examines the great diversity of performance across indicators, countries, and categories of countries to determine the necessary policies to fill the remaining gaps.


The World Bank's annual World Development Report provides a wide international readership with an extraordinary window on development economics. Each year, the report focuses on a specific aspect of development, such as gender equality in 2012. For the full online text of all WDRs from 1998 onwards, see here »


The World Bank's annual Global Development Finance combines a diagnosis of recent trends and prospects for capital flows to developing countries with an analysis of important policy issues, and is published in the spring of each year. See here for the reports that use data from 1970 to 2010.


The Human Development Report is an independent publication commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Its editorial autonomy is guaranteed by a special resolution of the General Assembly (A/RES/57/264), which recognizes the Human Development Report as an independent intellectual exercise and an important tool for raising awareness about human development around the world."

  • HDR 2011
  • HDR 2010
  • HDR 2009
  • HDR 2007/8
  • HDR 2006
  • HDR 2005
  • HDR 2004
  • HDR 2003
  • HDR 2002
  • HDR 2001
  • HDR 2000
  • HDR 1999
  • HDR 1998
  • HDR 1997
  • HDR 1996
  • HDR 1995
  • HDR 1994
  • HDR 1993
  • HDR 1992
  • HDR 1991
  • HDR 1990

  • Latin America and the Caribbean Human Development Report 2010 15 Nov 2010

    Arab Human Development Report 2009 26 May 2009

    Search here for World Bank Publications and working papers on myriad aspects of development.

    View more Human Development Reports


    Find the latest statistics for all UN member-states

    Our data, easy to explore, visualize and communicate

    Chart human development statistics for all nations

    Regional and national trends for 1970-2010

    Create unique country comparisons and rankings

    Explore development data over the past 30 years



    The World Bank's Policy Research Report series brings to a broad audience the results of World Bank research on development policy. The reports are designed to contribute to the debate on appropriate public policies for developing economies. See here for all the reports online, including work on agriculture, local development, gender and development, and the environment.


    ADePT was developed to automate and standardize the production of analytical reports. ADePT uses micro-level data from various types of surveys, such as Household Budget Surveys, Demographic and Health Surveys and Labor Force surveys to produce rich sets of tables and graphs for a particular area of economic research.

    Platform for performing macroeconomic simulations

    Poverty Analysis Tool assess global poverty incidence figures

    Provides computational solutions to poverty mapping activities


    See here for the UNDP site with featured reports on a variety of topics, fast facts, and MDG reports.


    See here for a list of books written by the staff of the Development Research Group, World Bank from 1999 to the present.

    Michele Alacevich, The Political Economy of the World Bank. The Early Years (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009)

    James Boughton, Silent revolution: The International Monetary Fund, 1979-1989 (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2001).

    Stephen Browne, The United Nations Development Programme and System (Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2011).

    Jeffrey Chwieroth, Capital Ideas: The IMF and the Rise of Financial Liberalization (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010).

    A. W. Coats (ed.), The Post-1945 Internationalization of Economics (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997).

    Mark Copelovitch, The International Monetary Fund in the Global Economy: Banks, Bonds, and Bailouts (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

    Jean F. Crombois, Camille Gutt and Postwar International Finance (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2011).

    A.M. Endres, International Financial Integration: Competing Ideas and Policies in the Post Bretton Woods Era (Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).

    Bronwen Everill and Josiah Kaplan (eds.), The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa (Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

    Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and A. K. Shiva Kumar, Readings in Human Development: Concepts, Measures and Policies for a Development Paradigm (New Delhi; New York: Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2004).

    Margaret Garristen De Vries, Balance of Payments Adjustment, 1945 to 1986: The IMF Experience (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 1987).

    Margaret Garritsen De Vries, The IMF in a Changing World, 1945-85 (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 1986).

    Margaret Garritsen De Vries, The International Monetary Fund, 1972-1978: Cooperation on Trial (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 1985).

    Margaret Garritsen De Vries, The International Monetary Fund, 1966-1971: the System under Stress (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 1976).

    Margaret Garritsen De Vries, The International Monetary Fund, 1945-1965: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 1969).

    Erica Gould, Money Talks: The International Monetary Fund, Conditionality, and Supplementary Financiers (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006).

    Eric Helleiner. Forgotten Foundations of Bretton Woods: International Development and the Making of the Postwar Order. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014.

    Morten Jerven, Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do about It (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013).

    Damien Kingsburg et al., International Development: Issues and Challenges (Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2nd ed., 2012).

    Craig N. Murphy, The Emergence of the NIEO Ideology (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984).

    Craig Murphy, The United Nations Development Programme: a Better Way? (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

    José Antonio Ocampo and Juan Martin, Decade of Light and Shadow: Latin American and the Caribbean in the 1990s (United Nations Publication, Santiago, Chile, July 2003).

    Richard Peet, Unholy Trinity: The IMF, World Bank, and WTO (London; New York: Zed Books, distributed in the U.S. by Palgrave Macmillan, 2nd ed, 2009).

    Rudolph A. Peterson, A Career in International Banking with the Bank of America, 1936-1970 and the United Nations Development Programme, 197-1975 (Berkeley, CA: Regional Oral History Office, the Bancroft Library, University of California, 1994).

    Amy Sayward, The Birth of Development: How the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, and World Health Organization Changed the World, 1945-1965 (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2006).

    Brett D. Schaefer, The Bretton Woods Institutions: History and Reform Proposals (Washington DC: Heritage Foundation, 2000).

    Catherine Schenk, International Economic Relations since 1945 (Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2012).

    John D. Shaw, The UN World Food Programme and the Development of Food Aid (New York: Palgrave, 2001).

    Barbara Stallings, Financiamiento para el desarrollo: América Latina desde una perspectiva comparada (United Nations Publication, Santiago, Chile, 2006).

    Benn Steil, The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013).

    Olav Stokke, The UN and Development: From Aid to Cooperation (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009).

    Randall Stone, Lending Credibility: The International Monetary Fund and the Post-Communist Tradition (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).

    Sarah Tenny, Historical Dictionary of the International Monetary Fund (Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 3rd ed., 2011).

    Douglas Wass, Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-Economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

    David Williams, International Development and Global Politics: History, Theory and Practice (Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2012).

    Ngaire Woods, The Globalizers: The IMF, the World Bank, and their Borrowers (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006).

    Shahid Yusuf with Angus Deaton, Kemal Dervis, William Easterly, Takatoshi Ito, and Joseph E. Stiglitz, Development Economics through the Decades: A Critical Look at 30 Years of the World Development Report (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2009).


    World Bank Journals

    The World Bank Research Observer (WBRO) is intended for anyone who has a professional interest in development. Articles are reviewed by an editorial board drawn from the World Bank and the international community of economists.

    » Subscription information and most recent issues: Visit Oxford Journals Online (WBRO)

    » Free downloads: Issues older than 18 months are available in the World Bank's document library. Download.

    The World Bank Economic Review (WBER) is intended for economists and other social scientists in government, business, international agencies, universities and research institutions.

    » Subscription information and most recent issues: Visit Oxford Journals Online (WBER).

    » Free downloads: Issues older than 18 months are available in the World Bank's document library. Download.


    IMF Journals

    The IMF Staff Papers was published from 1950 to 2010 and was the official research journal of the IMF. See here for more information. In 2010, IMF Economic Review became the IMF’s new official research journal. See here for more information, including some free-to-view articles.


    Latin America and Caribbean Economic Surveys

    See the following links for: Economic Surveys of Latin America from 1948 to 1981 and reports on Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy from 1997 to 2012. Prepared by the Secretariat of the Economic Commission for Latin America (from 1982, also including the Caribbean), these reports analyze the economic performance of Latin American countries. See also journal articles published by ECLAC review (in Spanish) and the ECLAC website for publications since 1987.


    Selected Other Journal Articles

    Michele Alacevich, “The World Bank and the politics of productivity: the debate on economic growth, poverty, and living standards in the 1950s,” Journal of Global History 6.1 (March 2011), pp 53 – 74.

    Michele Alacevich, "Early Development Economics Debates Revisited," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Vol. 33, n. 2 (June), 2011, pp. 145-171.

    Michele Alacevich, "The World Bank's Early Reflections on Development: A Development Institution or a Bank?" Review of Political Economy, Vol. 21, n. 3 (July 2009), pp. 227-244.

    Michele Alacevich and Pier Francesco Asso, "Money Doctoring After World War II: Arthur I. Bloomfield and the Federal Reserve Missions to South Korea," History of Political Economy, Vol. 41, n. 2, (Spring 2009), pp. 249-270.

    Sunil Amrith and Patricia Clavin, "Feeding the World: Connecting Europe and Asia, 1930-1945," Past and Present 218 (2013) suppl. 8: 29-50.

    This article uses policies related to food to explore the transnational networks established by the League of Nations that later became institutionalized in the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The article also links nutrition, health, and rural development to examine connections between the interwar years and the postwar pursuit of 'development.'

    Sarah Babb, “The IMF in Sociological Perspective: A Tale of Organizational Slippage,” Studies in Comparative International Development 38.2 (Summer 2003), pp. 3-28.

    Pamela Blackmon, “Factoring Gender into Economic Development: Changing the Policies of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank,” Women’s Studies 38.2 (March 2009), pp. 213-237.

    Peter Bottelier, “China and the World Bank: How a Partnership was Built,” Journal of Contemporary China 16.51 (May 2007), pp. 239-258.

    Ben Clift and Jim Tomlinson, “Negotiating Credibility: Britain and the International Monetary Fund, 1956-1976,” Contemporary European History 17.4 (November 2008), pp. 545-566.

    Carol Connell, “Reviving Confidence,” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 34.3 (September 2012), pp. 293-320.

    Frederick Cooper, "Writing the History of Developmnt," Journal of Modern European History 8 (2010), pp. 5-38.

    Nick Cullather, "Development? It's History," Diplomatic History 24 (2000), pp. 641-653.

    Jean-Jacques Dethier, "Producing Knowledge for Development: Research at the World Bank," Global Governance 13.4 (October-December 2007), pp. 469-478.

    Giuseppe di Taranto, “Italy and the International Monetary Fund. From Multiple Exchange-Rate System to Convertibility,” Journal of European Economic History 35.2 (Autumn 2006), pp.263-312.

    David C. Engerman and Corinna R. Unger, "Introduction: Towards a Global History of Modernization," Diplomatic History 33.3 (2009), pp. 375-385.

    Jessica Einhorn, “The World Bank’s Mission Creep,” Foreign Affairs 80.5 (September/October 2001), pp. 22-35.

    Chapter 7, "The Crisis of Development and the End of the Postwar Consensus," in David Ekbladh, The Great American Mission: Modernization and the Construction of an American World Order (2010).

    David C. Engerman, “The anti-politics of inequality: reflections on a special issue,” Journal of Global History, 6.1 (March 2011), pp 143-151.

    Marc Frey, “Neo-Malthusianism and development: shifting interpretations of a contested paradigm,” Journal of Global History, 6.1 (March 2011), pp 75 – 97.

    Giuliano Garavini, “Completing Decolonization: The 1973 ‘Oil Shock’ and the Struggle for Economic Rights,” International History Review 33.3 (September 2011), pp. 473-487.

    Arlene Garces-Ozanne, “The Millennium Development Goals: Does Aid Help?” Journal of Developing Areas 44.2 (Spring 2011), pp. 27-39.

    Resa Ghasimi, “Iran’s Oil Nationalization and Mossadegh’s Involvement with the World Bank,” Middle East Journal 65.3 (Summer 2011), pp. 442-456.

    Eric Helleiner, “The Development Mandate of International Institutions: Where Did It Come From?,” Studies in Comparative International Development 44.3 (August 2009), pp. 189-211.

    Matthew Hilton, "International Aid and Development NGOs in Britain and Human Rights since 1945," Humanity 3.3 (2012).

    Joseph M. Hodge, “British Colonial Expertise, Post-Colonial Careering and the Early History of International Development,” Journal of Modern European History 8.1 (2010), pp. 24-46.

    Alessandro Iandolo, "The Rise and Fall of the 'Soviet Model of Development' in West Africa, 1957-64," Cold War History 12, no. 4 (November 2012): 683-704.

    Bonny Ibhawoh, "The Right to Development: The Politics and Polemics of Power and Resistance," Human Rights Quarterly 33.1 (2011), pp. 76-104.

    Claudia Kedar, “The Beginning of a Controversial Relationship: The IMF, the World Bank, and Argentina, 1943-1946,” Canadian Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Studies 35.69 (2010), pp. 201-230.

    Jon V. Kofas, “The IMF, the World Bank, and U.S. Foreign Policy in Ecuador, 1956-1966,” Latin American Perspectives 28.5 (September 2001), pp. 50-83.

    Francine McKenzie, "GATT in the Cold War: Accession Debates, Institutional Development, and the Western Alliance, 1947-1959," Journal of Cold War Studies 10.3 (2008), pp. 78-109.

    Bruce Muirhead, “Differing Perspectives: India, the World Bank and the 1963 Aid-India Negotiations,” India Review 4.1 (January 2005), pp. 1-22.

    Sebastiano Nerozzi, “From the Great Depression to Bretton Woods: Jacob Viner and International Monetary Stabilization (1930-1945),” European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 18.1 (February 2011), pp. 55-84.

    Vanessa Ogle, “State Rights against Private Capital: The ‘New International Economic Order’ and the Struggle over Aid, Trade, and Foreign Investment, 1962-1981,” Humanity 5.2 (2014): 211-234.

    Patrick Sharma, “The United States, the World Bank, and the Transformation of Development in the 1970s,” Diplomatic History 37.3 (2013): 572-604.

    John D. Shaw, “Turning Point in the Evolution of Soft Financing: The United Nations and the World Bank,” Canadian Journal of Development Studies 26.1 (2005), pp. 43-61.

    Beth A. Simmons, “The Legalization of International Monetary Affairs,” International Organization 54.3 (Summer 2000), pp. 573-602.

    Amy Staples, “Seeing Diplomacy through Banker’s Eyes: The World Bank, the Anglo-Indian Oil Crisis, and the Aswan High Dam,” Diplomatic History 26.3 (Summer 2002).

    Richard Steinberg, "In the Shadow of Law or Power? Consensus-Based Bargaining and Outcomes in the GATT/WTO," International Organization 56.2 (2002), pp. 339-374.

    Randall Stone, “The Political Economy of IMF Lending in Africa,” American Political Science Review 98.4 (November 2004), pp. 577-591.

    Richard Toye, "Developing Multilateralism: The Havana Charter and the Fight for the International Trade Organization, 1947-1948," International History Review 25.2 (2003), pp. 282-305.

    Sadik Unay, “The Quest for Rejuvenated Legitimacy: The Rise and Protracted Demise of the IMF as a Global Actor,” Review of International Law and Politics 6.22 (2010), pp. 77-104.

    Corinna R. Unger, “Towards global equilibrium: American foundations and Indian modernization, 1950s to 1970s,” Journal of Global History, 6.1 (March 2011), pp 121-142. 

    Antje Vetterlein, "Economic Growth, Poverty Reduction, and the Role of Social Policies: The Evolution of the World Bank's Social Development Approach," Global Governance 13.4 (October-December 2007), pp. 513-533.

    Catherine Weaver and Susan Park, "The Role of the World Bank in Poverty Alleviation and Human Development in the Twenty-First Century: An Introduction," Global Governance 13.4 (October-December 2007), pp. 461-468. Introduction to a special issue on the World Bank and Development.

    David Webster, “Development advisors in a time of Cold War and decolonization: the United Nations Technical Assistance Administration, 1950-59,” Journal of Global History, 6.2 (July 2011), pp. 249-272.

    Charles Weiss, “Science and Technology at the World Bank, 1968-1983,” History & Technology 22.1 (March 2006), pp. 81-104.

    Philip White and Lionel Cliffe, "Matching Response to Context in Complex Political Emergencies. 'Relief,' 'Development,' 'Peace-building,' or Something In-Between," Disasters 24.4 (2000), pp. 314-342.