A barber-surgeon shaving, cupping and anointing the back of the neck of a patient, 1932Care of babies from 1 to 6 months old, Soviet Union, 1932Kaifeng women’s hospital, c.1928Tuberculosis patients lying on their beds in a crowded TB hospital; advertising a tombola in aid of tuberculosis sufferers in L’Herault, France  (1933)Kaifeng women’s hospital, c.1928
Economic Crises and Health in Historical Perspective
 

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Transnational

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Abel-Smith, Brian, ‘The World Economic Crisis. Part 2: health manpower out of balance’, Health Policy and Planning, 1, 4 (1986)

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Austria

Götzl, A., W. Kornfeld and E. Nobel, ‘The Effects of the Economic Depression on the Population of Vienna’, League of Nations, Quarterly Bulletin of the Health Organisation, 3 (September, 1934)

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Brazil

Macedo, R., ‘Brazilian children and the economic crisis: the evidence from the state of Sao Paulo’, in Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Richard Jolly and Frances Stewart (eds.), Adjustment with a human face, vol. II, country case studies (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988)

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Britain

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Davidson, Roger, ‘“A Scourge to be firmly gripped”: The campaign for VD controls in interwar Scotland’, Social History of Medicine, 6, 2 (August 1993)

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Grier, J., ‘Eugenics and birth control: Contraceptive provision in North Wales, 1918-1939’, Social History of Medicine, 11, 3 (December 1998)

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Powell, Martin, ‘Coasts and Coalfields: The Geographical Distribution of Doctors in England and Wales in the 1930s’, Social History of Medicine, 18 (2005)

Sheail, John, ‘“Deadwells”, Urban Growth and the Threat to Public Health: an Interwar Perspective’, Social History of Medicine, 6, 3 (1993)

Thompson, Steven, Unemployment, Poverty and Health in Interwar South Wales (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2006)

Thompson, Steven, ‘Saving children during the Depression: Britain’s silent emergency, 1919-1939’’, Disasters, 18, 3 (1994)

Webster, Charles, ‘Health, Welfare and Unemployment during the Depression’, Past and Present, 109 (November 1985)

Wigfield, W.J., ‘The effect of economic recession on the growth of Coventry children’, Public Health, 92, 2 (1978)

Wilson, Duncan, ‘The Early History of Tissue Culture in Britain: The Interwar Years’, Social History of Medicine, 18 (2005)

 

Burma

Brown, Ian, A Colonial Economy in Crisis: Burma’s Rice Cultivators and the World Depression of the 1930s (Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005)

Kaur, Amarjit, 'Indian Labour, Labour Standards, and Workers' Health in Burma and Malaya, 1900-1940', Modern Asian Studies, 40 (2006)

Richell, Judith, Disease and Demography in Colonial Burma (Singapore: National University of Singapore Press, 2006)

 

Cameroon

Israr, Syed Muhammad; Razum, Oliver; Ndiforchu, Victor; Martiny, Patrick, ‘Coping strategies of health personnel during economic crisis: A case study from Cameroon’, Tropical Medicine & International Health, 5 (April 2000)

Pongou, R., J.A. Salomon, and M. Ezzati, 'Health impacts of macroeconomic crises and policies: determinants of variation in childhood malnutrition trends in Cameroon', International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, 3 (2006), pp. 648-656

 

China

Campbell, Cameron, 'Public Health Efforts in China before 1949 and Their Effects on Mortality: The Case of Bejing', Social Science History, 221 (1997)

Chen, Lincoln, ‘Coping with Economic Crisis: Policy Development in China and India’, Health and Policy Planning, 2, 2 (1987)

Hume, Edward, ‘Public Health Progress in China’, The Scientific Monthly, 41 (1935)

Rogaski, Ruth, Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China (London: University of California Press, 2004).

Schneider, Laurence, ‘The Rockefeller Foundation, the China Foundation, and the Development of Modern Science in China’, Social Science Medicine, 16 (1982)

Shiroyama, Tomoko, China During the Great Depression: Market, State, and the World Economy, 1929-1937 (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Asia Center, 2008)

Wright, Tim, ‘Distant Thunder: The Regional Economies of Southwest China and the Impact of the Great Depression’, Modern Asian Studies, 34 (2000)

Yip Ka-Che, 'Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Twentieth Century China. Health and Society in China: Public Health Education for the Community, 1912-1937', Social Science Medicine, 16 (1982)

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Columbia

Abel, Christopher, ‘External Philanthropy and Domestic Change in Columbian Healthcare: The Role of the Rockefeller Foundation, ca. 1920-1950’, The Hispanic American Historical Review, 75 (1995)

Christopher Abel, Health care in Colombia, c. 1920-c.1950: a preliminary analysis. London: Institute of Latin American Studies (c1994)

 

Costa Rica

Morgan, L.M., 'Health without Wealth? Costa Rica's Health System under Economic Crisis', Journal of Public Health Policy, 8, 1 (1987) 

 

Cuba

Nayeri, K. and C.M. López-Pardo,'Economic Crisis and Access to Care: Cuba's Health Care System since the collapse of the Soviet Union', International Journal of Health Services, 35, 4 (2005)

 

Europe

Barona, Josep, ‘Nutrition and Health. The International Context during the Inter-war Crisis’, Social History of Medicine, 21 (2008)

Borowy, Iris, ‘Counting Death and Disease: Classification of Death and Disease in the Interwar Years, 1919-1939’, Continuity and Change, 18, 3 (December 2003)

Borowy, Iris and Wolf D. Gruner (eds.), Facing Illness in Troubled Times: Health in Europe in the Interwar Years, 1918-1939 (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2005)

Borowy, Iris, 'International Social Medicine between the Wars: Positioning a Volatile Concept', Hygiea Internationalis: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the History of Public Health, 6 (2007)

Borowy, Iris, ‘Crisis as opportunity: International health work during the economic depression’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

Davidovitch, N. and R. Zalashik, ‘“Air, Sun, Water”: Ideology and Activities of OZE (Society for the preservation of the health of the Jewish Population) during the interwar period’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

Metzger, Barabara Henny Magda, The League of Nations Health Organisation: A Study into the origins of International Humanitarian Cooperation and its political implications during the early interwar years (M.Phil, University of Cambridge, 1992)

Parry, Jane and Gary Humphrey, ‘Health amid a financial crisis: a complex diagnosis’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87 (January 2009)

Rodriguez-Ocana, Esteban and Patrick Zylberman, ‘Improving public health amidst crises. Introduction’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; Suhrcke, Marc; Coutts, Adam; McKee, Martin, ‘The public health effect of economic crises and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis’, The Lancet, volume 374, issue 9686 (25 July 2009)

Weindling, Paul ed., International Health Organisations and Movements, 1918-1939 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

‘The Economic Depression and Public Health’, League of Nations Quarterly Bulletin of the Health Organisation, 1 (September, 1932)

‘The Most Suitable Methods of Detecting Malnutrition due to the Economic Depression’, League of Nations Quarterly Bulletin of the Health Organisation, 2 (March, 1933)

‘Report on the Best Methods of Safeguarding the Public Health during the Depression’, League of Nations Quarterly Bulletin of the Health Organisation, 2 (June, 1933)

World Health Organisation, Health in times of global economic crisis: implications for the WHO European Region, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, 2009

World Health Organisation, Meeting Report. Health in times of global economic crisis: implications for the WHO European Region, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Oslo, 2009.

 

Finland

Hintikka, J., P.I. Saarinen, H. Viinamäki, ‘Suicide mortality in Finland during an economic cycle, 1985-1995’, Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 27, 2 (1999)

Hyyppä, M.T., E. Kronholm, E. Alanen, ‘Quality of sleep during economic recession in Finland: a longitudinal cohort study’, Social Science and Medicine, 45, 5 (1997)

Keskimäki, I., ‘How did Finland’s economic recession in the early 1990s affect socio-economic equity in the use of hospital care?’ Social Science and Medicine, 56, 7 (2003)

Luoto, R., K. Poikolainen, A. Uutela, ‘Unemployment, sociodemographic background and consumption of alcohol before and during the economic recession of the 1990s in Finland’, International Journal of Epidemiology, 27, 4 (1998)

Ostamo, A., and J. Lönnqvist, ‘Attempted suicide rates and trends during a period of severe economic recession in Helsinki, 1989-1997’, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 7 (2001)

Solantaus, T., J. Leinonen, R.L. Punamaki, ‘Children’s mental health in times of economic recession: replication and extension of the family economic stress model in Finland’, Developmental Psychology, 40, 3 (2004)

Suominen-Taipale, L., E. Widström, ‘Does dental service utilization drop during economic recession? The example of Finland, 1991-94’, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 26, 2 (1998)

 

France

Murard, Lion and Patrick Zylberman, ‘French Social Medicine on the International Public Health Map in the 1930s’, in E. Rodriguez-Ocana ed., The Politics of the Healthy Life: An International Perspective (Sheffield: European Association for the History of Medicine and Health Publications, 2002)

Rosenberg, Clifford, ‘The Colonial Politics of Health Care Provision in Interwar Paris’, French Historical Studies, 27 (Summer 2004)

Thomas, Gregory M., ‘Open Psychiatric Services in interwar France’, History of Psychiatry, 15, 2 (June 2004)

 

Germany

Timmermann, Carsten, ‘Rationalizing ‘Folk Medicine’ in Interwar Germany: Faith, Business, and Science at “Dr. Madaus & Co.”’, Social History of Medicine, 14 (2001) India

Timmerman, Carsten, Weimar Medical Culture: Doctors, Healers and the Crisis of Medicine in Interwar Germany, 1918-1933 (PhD Thesis, University of Manchester, 1999)

 

Greece

Theodorou V., and D. Karakatsani, ‘Health Policy in interwar Greece: The intervention by the League of Nations Health Organisation’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

 

India

Arnold, David, ‘Cholera Mortality in British India, 1817-1947’, in T. Dyson (ed.), India’s Historical Demography: studies in famine, disease and society (London: Curzon Press, 1989)

Bynum, W.F., ‘Malaria in Interwar British India’, Parassitologia, 42 (2000)

Chatterjee, P., ‘Economic crisis highlights mental health issues in India’, The Lancet, volume 373, issue 9670 (4 April 2009)

Chen, Lincoln, ‘Coping with Economic Crisis: Policy Development in China and India’, Health and Policy Planning, 2, 2 (1987)

Guha, Sumit, Health and Population in South Asia: From Earliest Times to the Present (London: Hurst and Co., 2001)

Harrison, Mark, Public Health in British India: Anglo-Indian Preventative Medicine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994)

Klein, Ira, ‘Imperial, Ecology and Disease: Cholera in India, 1850-1950’, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 31, 4 (1994)

Rothermund, Dietmar, India in the Great Depression, 1929-1939 (New Delhi: Manohar Publications, 1992)

Roy, T., Rethinking Economic Change in India: Labour and Livelihood (London: Routledge, 2005)

Thomas S.V., ‘Economic recession and health of the people’, Annals of IndianAcademy of Neurology, 12 (2009)

Thomas, Parakunnel J., ‘India in the World Depression’, The Economic Journal, 45, 179 (1935)

Wakimura, Kohei, ‘Health Hazards in 19th Century India: Malaria and Cholera in Semi-Arid Tropics’, Kyoto Working Papers on Area Studies No. 9 (October 2008)

Zurbrigg, Sheila, ‘Hunger and Epidemic Malaria in Punjab, 1868-1940’, Economic and Political Weekly (25 January 1992)

 

Indonesia

Amrith, Sunil, Decolonizing International Health: India and Southeast Asia, 1930-65 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)

Boomgaard, Peter, 'The Welfare Services in Indonesia, 1900-1942', Itinerario, 1 (1986)

Frankenberg, E., D. Thomas, and K. Beegle, The Real Costs of Indonesia's Economic Crisis: Preliminary Findings from the Indonesia Family Life Surveys, RAND Labour and Population Program Working Paper Series 99-04 (March 1999) 

Frankenberg E., K. Beegle, B. Sikoki, and D. Thomas, Health, family planning and well-being in Indonesia during an economic crisis: Early Results from the Indonesian Family Life Survey, RAND Labour and Population Program Working Paper Series 99-06 (December 1998) 

Gardiner, Peter and Mayling Oey, ‘Morbidity and Mortality in Java, 1880-1940: The Evidence of the Colonial Reports’, in Norman Owen ed., Death and Disease in Southeast Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987)

de Haas, J. H., ‘Infant Mortality in Batavia for the years 1935 and 1936’, Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 6 (1939)

Hall, Terrence H., ‘Plague in Java’, in Norman Owen ed., Death and Disease in Southeast Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987)

den Hartog, A. P., ‘Towards improving public nutrition; nutritional policy in Indonesia before Independence’, in G.M. van Heteren, A. de Knecht-Van Eekelen, M.J.D. Paulissen eds., Dutch Medicine in the Malay Archipelago 1816-1942 (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1989)

Ingleton, John, 'Urban Java during the Depression', Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 19 (1988)

Iskandar, M., ‘Assessing the impact of the monetary crisis and natural disasters on women’s health in Indonesia’, Arrows Change, 4, 1 (1998)

Stein, Eric A., ‘Colonial Theatres of Proof: Representation and Laughter in 1930s Rockefeller Foundation Hygiene Cinema in Java’, Health and History, 8 (2006)

Waters, Hugh; Saadah, Fadia; Pradhan, Menno, ‘The impact of the 1997-98 East Asian economic crisis on health care in Indonesia’, Health Policy and Planning, 18, 2 (2003)

 

Japan

Johansson, S. Ryan and Carl Mosk, 'Exposure, Resistance and Life Expectancy: Disease and Death during the Economic Development of Japan, 1900-1960', Population Studies, 41 (1987)

Kondo, N., S.V. Subramanian, I. Kawachi, Y. Takeda, Z. Yamagata, ‘Economic recession and health inequalities in Japan: an analysis with a national sample, 1986-2001’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62, 10 (October 2008)

 

Korea

Khang, Young-Ho, John W. Lynch, and George A. Kaplan,  'Impact of economic crisis on cause-specific mortality in South Korea', International Journal of Epidemiology, 34, 6 (2005), pp. 1291-1301

Yang, Bong-Min; Prescott, Nicholas; Bae, Eun-Young, ‘The impact of economic crisis on health-care consumption in Korea’, Health Policy and Planning, 16, 4 (2001)

 

Latin America

CEPAL (Comisión económica para América Latina y el Caribe), La Equidad en el Panorama Social de América Latina durante los Años Ochenta (1993).

Hill, K and Palloni, A, “Demographic Responses to Economic Shocks: The Case of Latin America”, Research in Human Capital and Development, 8 (1994)

Londoño, Juan Luis, Frenk, Julio. Structured pluralism: towards an innovative model for health system reform in Latin America. Health Policy, 41 (1997). 

Musgrove, Philip, “ Economic Crisis and Health Policy Response” in Georges Tapinos, Andrew Mason and Jorge Bravo, eds., Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America, Oxford, Claredon Press (1997).

Musgrove, Philip, “Crisis Económica y Salud: La Experiencia de Cinco Países Latinoamericanos en los Años Ochenta (editor and co-author)”. Washington, D.C; Pan American Health Organization (1988)

Musgrove, Philip, ‘The impact of the economic crisis on health and healthcare in Latin America and the Caribbean’, WHO Chronicle, 40, 4 (1986)

Packard T, Baeza C. Beyond survival: protecting households from health shocks in Latin America, Washington DC: World Bank (2006)

Palloni A., Hill, K., and Aguirre, G.P., “Economic swings and demographic changes in the history of Latin America” Population Studies, 50 (1996)

Palloni A., Tienda, M. “Demographic responses to economic recessions in Latin America since 1990”, Sociological Inquiry, 62 (1992)

Palloni, A., and M. Tienda, ‘Demographic responses to economic recessions in Latin America since 1900’, CDE Working Paper, no. 91-14 (1991)

Romero, Dalia E. y Landmann, Célia, “Crisis económica y mortalidad infantil en Latinoamérica desde los años ochenta”, Cadernos de saúde pública, 16, 3, (2000). 

Tapinos, G., Manson, A., and Bravo, I. (Eds.), Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America.  Oxford, Claredon Press (1997)

World Bank, Poverty and Income Distribution in Latin America. The Story of the 1980s. Washington, Technical Departmente. Latin America and the Caribean Region, World Bank (1993)

Weil, Connie and Joseph Scarpaci (eds.), Health and Health Care in Latin America During the Lost Decade: Insights for the 1990s.  Minnesota Latin American Series - Iowa International Papers (1992)

 

Malaysia

Law, T.H., R.S. Umar, S. Zulkaurnain, S. Kulathayan, ‘Impact of the effect of economic crisis and the targeted motorcycle safety programme on motorcycle-related accidents, injuries and fatalities in Malaysia’, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 12, 1 (2005)

Manderson, Lenore, Sickness and the State: Health and Illness in Colonial Malaya, 1870-1940 (Cambridge and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2002)

Parmer, J. Norman, 'Health and Health Services in British Malaya in the 1920s', Modern Asian Studies, 23 (1989)

 

Mexico

Birn, Anne-Emanuelle, Marriage of Convenience: Rockefeller International Health and Revolutionary Mexico (Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2006)

Bronfman, M., “Infant mortality and crisis in Mexico”, International Journal of Health Services, 22 (1992)

Cutler, David M. & Knaul, Felicia & Lozano, Rafael & Mendez, Oscar & Zurita, Beatriz, 2002. "Financial crisis, health outcomes and ageing: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 279-303, May.

Frenk, Julio, ‘Strengthening health systems to promote security’, The Lancet, 373 (2009)

Kanul, F., Arreola-Ornelas, H, Méndez-Carniado, O; Bryson-Cahn, C., Barofsky J., Maguire R., Miranda, M., Sesma, S.,“Evidence is good for your health system: policy reform to remedy catastrophic and impoverishing health spending in Mexico”, The Lancet, 368 (November 2006)

Langer, A. Lozano, R., Bobadilla, J.L. 1991, “The effects of Mexico’s crisis on the health of women and children” in M. González de la Rocha, A. Escobar Latapi (Eds.), Social Responses to Mexico’s Economic Crises of the 1980s. University of California, San Diego (1991)

Molina, Natalie, ‘Public Health Policies and Mexicans in Los Angeles during the Great Depression’, Hispanic-American History Month Lecture at the National Library of Medicine, 24 September 2003.

Molina, Natalia, Fit to be Citizens? Public Health and Race in Los Angeles, 1879-1939 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006)

Pego, Raquel Abrantes, Las estrategias de accion colectiva en el sector sauld mexicano a partir de la crisis economica de 1982: una primera aproximacion. Mexico, D.F.: Division de Administracion Publica, Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas (c. 1995)

Stephen, Lynn, “Women in Mexico's Popular Movements: Survival Strategies against Ecological and Economic Impoverishment”  Latin American Perspectives, 19, 1. The Ecological Crisis of Latin America (Winter, 1992)

Norway

Blom, I., ‘“How to have healthy children” Responses to the falling birthrate in Norway, c.1900-1940’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

 

Palestine

Borowy, Iris, ‘Health in interwar Palestine: Ethic realities and international views’, Dynamis, 25 (2005)

 

Peru

Paxson Christina & Schady, Norbert, ‘Child Health and Economic Crisis in Peru’, World Bank Economic Review, 19 (2005)

 

The Philippines

Doeppers, Daniel F., 'Metropolitan Manila in the Great Depression: Crisis for Whom?' Journal of Asian Studies, 50 (1991)

 

Poland

Wnuk-Lipinski, E., 'The Polish country profile: economic crisis and inequalities in health', Social Science and Medicine, 31, 8 (1990), pp. 859-66 

 

Romania

Bucur, Maria, Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania (Pittsburgh, Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002)

 

Singapore

Huff, W. G., 'Entitlements, destitution and emigration in the 1930s Singapore great Depression', Economic History Review, 54 (2001)

 

Southeast Asia

Baker, Christopher, ‘Economic Reorganization and the Slump in South and Southeast Asia’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 23 (July 1981)

Boomgaard, Peter and Ian Brown eds., Weathering the Storm: The Economies of Southeast Asia in the 1930s Depression (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2000)

Brown, Ian, 'Rural Distress in Southeast Asia during the World Depression of the Early 1930s: A Preliminary Reexamination', Journal of Asian Studies, 45 (1986)

Brown, Ian, A Colonial Economy in Crisis: Burma's rice cultivators and the World Depression of the 1930s (Abingdon, Oxon: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005).

Florentino, R.F., R.A. Pedro, ‘Nutrition and socio-economic development in Southeast Asia’, Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 51, 1 (1992)

Owen, Norman ed., Death and Disease in Southeast Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987)

 

Spain

Navarro-Menéndez, A., ‘The politics of silicosis in interwar Spain: Republican and Francoist approaches to occupational health’, Dynamis, 28 (2008)

 

Sri Lanka

Jones, Margaret, ‘Infant and Maternal Health Services in Ceylon, 1900–1948: Imperialism or Welfare?’ Social History of Medicine, 15 (2002)

Jones, Margaret, ‘The Ceylon Malaria Epidemic of 1934–35: A Case Study in Colonial Medicine’, Social History of Medicine, 13 (2000)

Meyer, Eric, Depression et Malaria à Sri Lanka: l’impact de la crise économique des années 1930 sur une société rurale dépendante (Paris: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 1980)

 

Sweden

Novo, M., A. Hammarström, U. Janlert, ‘Health hazards of unemployment – only a boom phenomenon? A study of young men and women during times of prosperity and times of recession’, Public Health, 114, 1 (2000)

 

Thailand

Boonyoen, D., K. Wongboonsin, V. Tangcharoen-Sathien, P. Wongboonsin, The impact of the crisis on population and reproductive health in Thailand (Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Institute of Population Studies, 1998)

Puaksom, Davisakd, ‘Of Germs, Public Hygiene, and the Healthy Body: The Making of the Medicalizing State in Thailand’, The Journal of Asian Studies, 66 (May 2007)

 

United States

Abel, Emily K., Tuberculosis and the Politics of Exclusion: A History of Public Health and Migration to Los Angeles (New Brunswick; London: Rutgers University Press, 2007)

Abel, Emily K.,‘“Only the Best Class of Immigration:” Public Health Policy Towards Mexicans and Filipinos in Los Angeles, 1910-1940’, American Journal of Public Health, 94 (2004)

Cahill, K.M. (ed.), Imminent Peril: Public Health in a Declining Economy (New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1991)

Catalano. R., 'Health, Medical Care, and the Economic Crisis', The New England Journal of Medicine, 360, 8 (2009) 

Cianci, Marlene Hockenberry, Public Health nursing during the Great Depression: The Maryland experience (PhD Thesis, George Mason University, 1997)

Cumming, H. S., ‘Health and the Economic Depression in the United States of America’, League of Nations, Quarterly Bulletin of the Health Organisation, 3 (March 1934)

Dublin, Louis I., ‘The Health of the People in a Year of Depression’, American Journal of Public Health and The Nation’s Health, 22, (1932)

Duffy, John, The Sanitarians: A History of American Public Health (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990)

Fishback, Price V., Michael R. Haines, and Shawn Kantor, 'Births, Deaths and New Deal Relief during the Great Depression', The Review of Economics and Statistics, 89, 1 (2007)

Fishback, Price V., Michael R. Haines, and Shawn Kantor, 'The Welfare of Children during the Great Depression', NBER working papers series (April 2002)

Fisher, Jacob, The Response of Social work to the Depression (Cambridge: Schenkman, 1980)

Freudenberg, Nicholas, Marianne Fahs, Sandro Galea, and Andrew Greenberg, ‘The Impact of New York City’s 1975 Fiscal Crisis on the Tuberculosis, HIV, and Homicide Syndemic’, American Journal of Public Health, 96 (Mar 2006)

Grey, Michael, ‘Dustbowls, Disease, and the New Deal: The Farm Security Administration Migrant Health Programs, 1935-47’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 48 (Jan 1993)

Hill, K., ‘Demographic response to economic shock’, Policy, Research and External Affairs Working Papers, no. WPS 652 (Washington DC: World Bank, 1991)

Johnson, Ryan S., Shawn Kantor and Price V. Fishback, 'Striking at the roots of crime: the impact of social welfare spending on crime during the Great Depression', NBER working papers series (January 2007)

Kay, Gwen, ‘Healthy Public Relations: The FDA’s 1930s Legislative Campaign’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 75 (2001)

Kerr, Janet Ross, ‘Bertha Harmer and McGill University nurses fight to forestall closure of the School for Graduate Nurses during the Depression’, Journal of Nursing History: A Publication of the Nursing Archives Associates at Boston University, 3 (1988)

Kiser, Clyde V. and Regine K. Stix, ‘Nutrition and the Depression: Findings of a Medical Examination of a Group of New York School Children in Relation to Family Incomes’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly Bulletin, 11 (1933)

Landis, Carney, ‘The Depression and Mental Disease’, The Scientific Monthly, 41 (1935)

Leslie, J., M. Lycette, M. Buvinic, Weathering Economic Crisis: the crucial role of women in health (Washington DC: International Center for Research on Women, 1986)

Lopes, Paula R., ‘The Economic Depression and Public Health’, International Labour Review, 29 (1934)

Miller, C.A, E.J. Coulter, L.B. Schorr, A. Fine, and S. Adams-Taylor, 'The world economic crisis and the children: United States case study', International Journal of Health Services, 15, 1 (1985) pp. 95-134

Moore, Harry H., ‘Medicine and Public Health’, The American Journal of Sociology, 36 (1931)

Moore, Harry H.,‘Medicine and Public Health’, The American Journal of Sociology, 37 (1932)

Moore, Harry H.,‘Public Health and Medicine’, The American Journal of Sociology, 38 (1933)

Palmer, Carroll E., ‘Growth and the Economic Depression: A Study of the Weight of Elementary School Children in 1921-27 and in 1933’, Public Health Reports (1896-1970), 48 (1933)

Palmer, Carroll E.,‘Further Studies on Growth and the Economic Depression: A Comparison of Weight and Weight Increments of Elementary-School Children in 1921-27 and in 1933-34’, Public Health Reports (1896-1970), 49 (1934)

Parascandola, John, Sex, Sin and Science: A History of Syphilis in America (Oxford: Harcourt Education, 2008)

Patterson, Gordon M., The Mosquito Crusades: a history of the American anti-mosquito movement from the Reed commission to the First Earth Day (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2009)

Perrott, G. St. J., ‘Health and the Depression’, The Scientific Monthly, 39 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Sickness and the Economic Depression: Preliminary Report on Illness in Families of Wage Earners in Birmingham, Detroit and Pittsburgh’, Public Health Reports (1896-1970), 48 (1933)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘The Economic Depression and Sickness’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 29 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Sickness and the Depression: A Preliminary Report upon a Survey of Wage-Earning Families in Baltimore, Cleveland, and Syracuse’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 12 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Sickness and the Depression: A Preliminary Report upon a Survey of Wage-Earning Families in Ten Cities’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 12 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Medical Care during the Depression’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 12 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Medical Care during the Depression: A Preliminary Report upon a Survey of Wage-Earning Families in Seven Large Cities’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 12 (1934)

Perrot, G. St. J., Edgar Sydenstricker, and Selwyn Collins, ‘Relation of Sickness to Income and Income Change in 10 Surveyed Communities: Health and Depression Studies No. 1: Method of Study and General Results for Each Locality’, Public Health Reports (1896-1970), 50 (1935)

Pols, Hans, ‘Divergences in American Psychiatry during the Depression: Somatic Psychiatry, Community Mental Hygiene, and Social Reconstruction’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 37 (Fall 2001)

Reverby, Susan, ‘“Something besides waiting”: The Politics of Private Duty Nursing Reform in the Depression’, in Ellen Condliffe ed., Nursing History: New Perspectives, New Possibilities (New York: Teachers College Press, 1983)

Rundquist, Edward A. and Raymond F. Sletto, Personality in the Depression: A Study in the Measurement of Attitudes (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1936)

Solinger, Rickie, Pregnancy and Power: A Short History of Reproductive Politics in America (New York; London: New York University Press, 2005)

Sydenstricker, Edgar, ‘The Changing Concept of Public Health’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 13 (1935)

Sydenstricker, Edgar,‘Economy in Public Health’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 14 (Jan., 1936)

Sydenstricker, Edgar,‘Health and the Depression’, The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly Bulletin, 11 (Oct., 1933)

Sydenstricker, Edgar, ‘Health in the New Deal’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 176, Social Welfare in the National Recovery Program (Nov., 1934)

Thomas, Julie L., International Intercourse: Establishing a Transnational Discourse on Birth Control in the Interwar Era (Doctoral Thesis, Indiana University, 2004)

Tibbitts, Clark and Selwyn De Witt Collins, Research Memorandum on Social Aspects of Health in the Depression (New York: Arno Press, 1972)

Warner, Sam B., ‘Public Health Reform and the Depression of 1873-1878’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 29 (1955)

Wilson, Jamie Jaywann, Sickness, Health and the Politics of Well Being in Harlem, New York, during the Interwar Period (Doctoral Thesis, New York University, 2005)

‘Health and the Economic Depression in the United States’, League of Nations, Quarterly Bulletin in the Health Organisation, 3 (1934)

 

To suggest additional items for this bibliography, please email Kirsty Walker.