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 Food and Agriculture


Abbott, John Cave. Politics and Poverty: A Critique of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. London; New York: Routledge, 1992.

Barrett, Christopher B. and Daniel G. Maxwell. Food Aid After Fifty Years: Recasting its Role. London: Routledge, 2005.

Belshaw, H. “The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.” International Organization 1, no. 2 (1947): 291–306.

Bocking-Welch, Anna. "Imperial Legacies and Internationalist Discourses: British Involvement in the United Nations Freedom from Hunger Campaign, 1960-70." The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 40, no. 5 (2012): 879-896.

Cullather, Nick. "Miracles of Modernization: The Green Revolution and the Apotheosis of Technology." Diplomatic History 28, no. 2 (2004): 227-254.

Cullather, Nick. "The Foreign Policy of the Calorie." The American Historical Review 112, no. 2 (2007): 337-364.

Cullather, Nick. The Hungry World: America's Cold War Battle Against Poverty in Asia. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Gerlach, Christian. "Famine Responses in the World Food Crisis 1972-5 and the World Food Conference of 1974." European Review of History: Revue Européenne d'Histoire 22, no. 6 (2015): 929-939.

Gillespie, James A. "International Organizations and the Problem of Child Health, 1945-1960." Dynamis 23, (2003): 115-142.

Hambidge, Gove. The Story of FAO. New York: Van Nostrand, 1955.

Hamblin, Jacob Darwin. "Let there be Light. and Bread: The United Nations, the Developing World, and Atomic Energy's Green Revolution." History and Technology 25, no. 1 (2009): 25-48.

Jachertz, Ruth and Alexander Nützenadel. "Coping with Hunger? Visions of a Global Food System, 1930–1960." Journal of Global History 6, no. 1 (2011): 99-119.

Jachertz, Ruth. "‘To Keep Food Out of Politics’: The UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 1945–1965." In International Organizations and Development, 1945-1990. edited by Marc Frey, Sönke Kunkel and Corinna R. Unger, 75-100. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Knab, Cornelia and Amalia Ribi Forclaz. "Transnational Co-Operation in Food, Agriculture, Environment and Health in Historical Perspective: Introduction." Contemporary European History 20, no. 3 (2011): 247-255.

McLin, Jon. "Surrogate International Organization and the Case of World Food Security, 1949–1969." International Organization 33, no. 1 (1979): 35-55.

Nützenadel, Alexander and Frank Trentmann. Food and Globalization: Consumption, Markets, and Politics in the Modern World. Oxford, 2008.

O'Brien, John B. "F.L. McDougall and the Origins of the FAO." Australian Journal of Politics & History 46, no. 2 (2000): 164-174.

Pan-Montojo, Juan. "International Institutions and European Agriculture: From the IIA to the FAO." In Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 1945–1960: From Food Shortages to Food Surpluses. edited by Carin Martiin, Juan Pan-Montojo and Paul Brassley, 23-43. London: Routledge, 2016.

Pernet, Corinne A. and Amalia Ribi Forclaz. "Revisiting the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO): International Histories of Agriculture, Nutrition and Development." The International History Review (2018): 1-6.

Phillips, Ralph Wesley. FAO, Its Origins, Formation, and Evolution, 1945-1981. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1981.

Reinisch, Jessica. "Auntie UNRRA at the Crossroads." Past & Present 218, no. Suppl 8 (2013): 70-97.

Reinisch, Jessica. "Internationalism in Relief: The Birth (and Death) of UNRRA." Past & Present 210, no. Supplement 6 (2011): 258-89.

Ribi Forclaz, Amalia. "Agriculture, American Expertise, and the Quest for Global Data: Leon Estabrook and the First World Agricultural Census of 1930." Journal of Global History 11, no. 1 (2016): 44-65.

Ribi Forclaz, Amalia. "From Reconstruction to Development: The Early Years of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Conceptualization of Rural Welfare, 1945–1955." The International History Review (2018): 1-21.

Sackel, Johanna. "Food Justice, Common Heritage and the Oceans: Resource Narratives in the Context of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea." International Journal of Maritime History 29, no. 3 (2017): 645-659.

Sayward, Amy L. The Birth of Development: How the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, and World Health Organization Changed the World, 1945-1965. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2006.

Shaw, D. John. "The World Food Council: The Rise and Fall of a United Nations Body." Canadian Journal of Development Studies/Revue Canadienne d'Études Du Développement 30, no. 3-4 (2010): 663-694.

Shaw, D. John. Global Food and Agricultural Institutions: The Cosmology of International Development Assistance. London: Routledge, 2009.

Shaw, D. John. The UN World Food Programme and the Development of Food Aid. New York: Palgrave, 2001.

Shaw, D. John. The World's Largest Humanitarian Agency: The Transformation of the UN World Food Programme and of Food Aid. New York; Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011

Shaw, D. John. World Food Security: A History since 1945. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Treitel, Corinna. "Max Rubner and the Biopolitics of Rational Nutrition." Central European History 41, no. 1 (2008): 1-25.

Trueman, H. L. "The Hungry Seventies." Canadian Geographical Journal 82, no. 4 (1971): 114-129.

Tsilaga, Flora. "'the Mountain Laboured and Brought Forth a Mouse': UNRRA's Operations in the Cyclades Islands, c.1945-46." Journal of Contemporary History 43, no. 3 (2008): 527-545.

United Nations. Department of Technical Cooperation for Development. Ground-Water Development and Management in Developing Countries: 25 Years of United Nations Activities, 1963-1988. New York: United Nations, 1989.

Way, Wendy. A New Idea each Morning: How Food and Agriculture Came Together in One International Organisation. Canberra, ACT: Australian National University, E Press, 2013.

Wickwar, W. Hardy. "Relief Supplies and Welfare Distribution U.N.R.R.A. in Retrospect." Social Service Review 21, no. 3 (1947): 363-74

Woodbridge, George and United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. UNRRA: The History of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. New York: Columbia University Press, 1950.

Yates, P. Lamartine. So Bold an Aim: Ten Years of International Co-operation toward Freedom from Want. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Quebec 1945 - Rome 1955. Rome: FAO, 1955.


Global Map of subnational agricultural land-use statistics
Agro-MAPS is an interactive web-based information system on land use which contains statistics on primary food crops, aggregated by sub-national administrative districts, on crop production, area harvested and crop yields. The database was originally developed as a joint initiative by FAO, IFPRI (the International Food Policy Institute), SAGE (The Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment) and CIAT (The International Center for Tropical Agriculture) to support a variety of applications being developed separately by the three institutions.

FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Statistics)
FAOSTAT provides time-series and cross-sectional data relating to food and agriculture for some 200 countries.

National data on food, agriculture and poverty—with initial focus specifically on sub-Saharan Africa.

World Bank Data & Research
Data broken down by country, program, industrial sector and much more.Over 25 topics including agriculture, energy, environment, gender, health/nutrition, water resources, etc.

GLiPHA (Global Livestock Production and Health Atlas)
A visual representation on livestock levels, production (in terms of calories), length of growing periods and other global statistics.

AAAS Atlas of Population and Environment
This Atlas provides maps, data, expository text and figures that allow for incredible insight into population-environment linkages.

FAO Photofile Archive
The photo library on land management systems and conservation agriculture helps introduce practices of conservation agriculture and its benefits in the world by altering the distribution of photos focusing on conservation agriculture. Corresponding to the profound benefits of conservation agriculture and to the several management practices used in conservation agriculture the photo library is divided into twelve main subjects.

Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights: Special Rapporteur on the right to food
Since he took office, the current Special Rapporteur on the right to food has devoted much attention to the global food crisis, and in particular to examine to what extent the responses adopted at the international and national level to respond to this crisis have been able to integrate the right to food. There are numerous region and country-specific reports detailing everything from third-world development to Chinese food security.

World Health Organization (WHO): Nutrition for Health and Development

Water Safety Plan Manual: Step-by-step risk management for drinking-water suppliers
The guide developed by the WHO and IWA (International Water Association) to consistently ensure the safety and acceptability of a drinking-water supply.

U.S. Census Bureau POPClock Projection
The U.S. resident population of the United States, continually updated based on projections from the 2010 census.

International Development Research Centre Databases
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) supports research in developing countries to promote growth and development. The result is innovative, lasting local solutions that aim to bring choice and change to those who need it most. The database contains all of IDRC’s project descriptions and research outputs as well as a digital library of documents meant to help grantees gain visibility for their research.

World-wide Hydrogeological Mapping and Assessment Programme (WHYMAP)
The World-wide Hydrogeological Mapping and Assessment Programme (WHYMAP) was created in 1999 in order to contribute to worldwide efforts towards better managing the Earth’s water resources, particularly groundwater. In order to support the sustainable management of groundwater resources, it is necessary to map, model and quantify the stored volume and average annual replenishment of groundwater, while determining its chemical quality.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

The Secretary-General's High-Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis
Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts - to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. “My High-Level Task Force is working to ensure that the UN system, international financial institutions and the WTO are ready to provide robust and consistent support to countries struggling to cope with food insecurity.”
- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

World Food Programme (WFP)
WFP is the food aid arm of the United Nations system. Food aid is one of the many instruments that can help to promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
The IFAD was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. The conference resolved that "an International Fund for Agricultural Development should be established immediately to finance agricultural development projects primarily for food production in the developing countries".

Wallace Center at Winrock International
The Wallace Center has been a key organization in fostering a more sustainable food and agricultural system in the United States since 1983. They’ve employed research, policy analysis and education to drive change that benefits farmers, urban and rural communities, natural resources and the health of citizens.

Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE)
“Grants and Education to Advance Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture”

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Division for Sustainable Development

The World Bank: Agriculture and Rural Development

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
Their mission is 'to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.'

UN-Water Photo Galleries
A collection of photo galleries ranging from World Water Day and UNEP to the IAEA and the WHO.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
In 1977, the United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) adopted a Plan of Action to Combat Desertification (PACD). Unfortunately, despite this and other efforts, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) concluded in 1991 that the problem of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas had intensified, although there were “local examples of success. ”

Hunger 101
This webpage contains numerous links to assist the school teacher introduce the concept of “hunger” to students by using numerous WFP resources. Here you will find links to useful information and publications which can be used to get Hunger issues into the classroom.

World Resources Institute
The World Resources Institute is a global environmental think tank that goes beyond research to put ideas into action. They work with governments, companies, and civil society to build solutions to urgent environmental challenges.

International Development Research Centre: Agriculture and Environment
IDRC supports applied research to find local solutions that will have lasting impacts on communities around the world. We are facilitators, drawing together the best scientific minds to collaborate on finding knowledge that works.

Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has 3 main objectives: 

1.       The conservation of biological diversity

2.       The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity

3.       The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
The need to fight animal diseases at global level led to the creation of the Office International des Epizooties through the international Agreement signed on January 25th 1924. In May 2003 the Office became the World Organisation for Animal Health but kept its historical acronym OIE. The OIE is the intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide.

European Commission: Agriculture and Rural Development

European Commission: Fisheries


UN Water
Organization dedicated to researching and addressing issues ranging from food and water to climate change.

World Water Assessment Programme
The World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP), founded in 2000, is the flagship programme ofUN-Water. Housed in UNESCO, WWAP monitors freshwater issues in order to provide recommendations, develop case studies, enhance assessment capacity at a national level and inform the decision-making process. Its primary product, the World Water Development Report(WWDR), is a periodic, comprehensive review providing an authoritative picture of the state of the world’s freshwater resources.

Water Sanitation and Health (WSH—affiliated with the WHO)

International Water Association (IWA)

Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC)
Twelve world leading research organizations have established an international water research alliance: the Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC). GWRC is a non-profit organization that serves as the collaborative mechanism for water research. The product the GWRC offers its members is water research information and knowledge.

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education was established in 2003. It carries out research, education and capacity building activities in the fields of water, environment and infrastructure. UNESCO-IHE continues the work that began in 1957 when IHE first offered a postgraduate diploma course in hydraulic engineering to practicing professionals from developing countries. It is the largest water education facility in the world.

International Hydrological Programme
The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) is the only intergovernmental programme of the UN system devoted to water research, water resources management, and education and capacity building. The programme, tailored to Member States’ needs, is implemented in six-year phases – allowing it to adapt to a rapidly changing world.

IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science
This center, located at the University of Dundee, researches issues relating to all aspects of international water around the world under the auspices of UNESCO.