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 Food and Agriculture

 

Final Report of the Mixed Committee of the League of Nations on the Relation of Nutrition to Health, Agriculture, and Economic Policy
This committee investigated nutrition and produced this report in 1937. The Committee was set up to compensate for the lack of military research on nutrition in the interwar period. The final report recommended milk, leafy greens and fruit.

League of Nations Survey of National Nutrition Policies
In 1937/38, the League of Nations executed the first major comparison of nutrition in 16 countries. This was an important precedent for later work by the FAO.

Canadian is Chosen Head of Nations’ Food Agency
Toronto Daily Star. October 17, 1945.

“Joint Famine Aid Program Mapped by U.S. and Britain.”
St. Petersburg Times. May 18, 1946.

The U.S. and U.K. agree to speed the delivery of food to famine areas around the world after Stalin rejected the idea in Russia.

Poor timing: Most nations in no mood to be generous with food
NEA-London Economist. Tuscaloosa News. November 3, 1974.

Reports of mass starvation in India and Bangladesh have little effect on the other nations’ desirability (and ability) to actually provide them food. The U.N. urges countries to help in any way that they can, but it is usually done via investment rather than physical food supplies.

Natural Resources and the human environment for food and agriculture
FAO. Rome, 1980.

An explosion in human population has led to a great increase in demand for natural resources. This book aims to assess the impact of pollution and economic development on the productivity of agriculture in the years to come.

“Delegates to U.N. food meeting to discuss African starvation.”
Desert News. November 5, 1983.

Severe famine affected 22 African nations on the eve of the annual FAO conference with the FAO claiming millions of tons of food would be needed to relieve the situation.

“African famine: Millions are starving.”
Steven Paulson. The Evening Independent. November 17, 1984.

UNICEF warns that Africa’s drought could affect the physical and mental development of African youth.

“U.N. Can’t Transport Water to Rwandans.”
Times-Union. Warsaw, Indiana, USA. July 27, 1994.

Rwandan refugees struggled to get clean water from U.S. soldiers and U.N. officials as American equipment could not move into the region fast enough.

The Global Annual Assessment on Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS)
UN-Water in partnership with the WHO.

The right to food: Report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
UNESCO. January, 1999.

The participants agreed that the High Commissioner for Human Rights should continue to take the leadership role in developing the definition to the right to food and nutrition. They also made recommendations about cooperation, indicators, training and the impact of globalization.

Reforming FAP into the new millennium.
FAO. Rome, 2000.

An overview of FAO actions to make itself into “a leaner, fitter and more focused organization” in its mission of universal food security.

“First U.N. water, food shipments make it into Iraq.”
Charles Hanley. Today’s News-Herald. April 1, 2003

Three trucks containing 84.7 tons of dried milk crossed the Iraqi border in the early stages of the Iraq war.

The World Food Problem: Tackling the Causes of Undernutrition in the Third World.
Howard D. Leathers and Phillips Fosters.Lynne Rienner Publishers. 2004.

Why do people go hungry in the third world while there is abundance in the developed world? What can be done about it? This book analyzes these questions and gives prospects for the future of food around the world.

Water: a shared responsibility.
UN-Habitat. UNESCO. New York, 2006.

A joint undertaking of the 24 UN agencies comprising UN-Water, this volume, covering as it does all regions and most countries of the world, provides an up-to-date global overview of the state and uses of freshwater, critical water-related problems, and societies coping mechanisms.

“UN urges end to ‘water apartheid’”
David Loyn. BBC News. November 9, 2006.

A new report from the United Nations Development Programme has demanded a big increase in spending to provide clean water.

Transboundary Waters: Sharing Benefits, Sharing Responsibilities
Task Force on Transboundary Waters.UN-Water. 2008.

“Food crisis: Scarcity amid Plenty”
Department of Economic and Social Affairs.DESA News. May 2008.

The current surge in commodity prices threatens millions with hunger though there is enough food for everyone.

Addressing the Global Food Crisis: Key trade, investment and commodity policies in ensuring sustainable food security and alleviating poverty
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). June, 2008.

The recent global food crisis can be seen as a wake-up call which can be turned into an opportunity by developing countries and the international community to revitalize global agriculture production andtrade and do more to rectify the systemic imbalances in global agricultural production and trade that have contributed over the years to today's problems.

Every Drop Counts: Environmentally Sound Technologies for Urban and Domestic Water Use Efficiency
United Nations. December, 2008.

Water use efficiency within the context of sustainable water balance in the urban and domestic sector means optimizing safe and sufficient supply and water demand while also closing the life cycle. This source book is expected to assist policy makers and water managers in identifying those most commonly used Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs).

FAO Annual yearbook.Fishery and aquaculture statistics 2008.
Food and Agriculture Organization.Rome, 2010.

The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics Yearbook contains all the most updated data on:
• capture production
• aquaculture production
• commodities
• food balance sheets
This booklet provides general notes and summaries for each.

The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought: Toward an Integrated Global Assessment
Multiple authors. Center for Development Research.Bonn, Germany. May, 2011.

National Water Quality Inventory Report to Congress
The National Water Quality Inventory Report to Congress (305(b) report) is the primary vehicle for informing Congress and the public about general water quality conditions in the United States.

Agenda 21, Chapter 14: Promoting Sustainable Agriculture & Rural Development
By the year 2025, 83 per cent of the expected global population of 8.5 billion will be living in developing countries. Major adjustments are needed in agricultural, environmental and macroeconomic policy, at both national and international levels, in developed as well as developing countries, to create the conditions for sustainable agriculture and rural development (SARD).

The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-2011: Women in Agriculture, Closing the gender gap for development
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. 2011.

Women make significant contributions to the rural economy in all developing country regions. Their roles differ across regions, yet they consistently have less access than men to the resources and opportunities they need to be more productive. Increasing women's access to land, livestock, education, financial services, extension, technology and rural employment would boost their productivity and generate gains in terms of agricultural production, food security, economic growth and social welfare. Closing the gender gap in agricultural inputs alone could lift 100-150 million people out of hunger.

“On World Population Day, Ban calls for ending poverty and inequality”
Global Food Security Crisis.UN Global News. July 11, 2011.

Secretary -General Moon stresses that “ending global poverty and inequality is the key to unleashing the great human potential for prosperity and peaceful coexistence” on World Population Day (held annually on July 11).

Ban Ki-moon exhorts academia to find solutions to global hunger, poverty and intolerance
Global Food Security Crisis.UN Global News. August 10, 2011.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon exhorts the world’s academic community to find solutions to global hunger and malnutrition, come up with ideas to promote sustainable and inclusive development, and advance tolerance through mutual respect and understanding.

“UN far short of dollars to deal with Africa famine.”
Nima Elbagir & Moni Basu.CNN World. August 11, 2011.

The United Nations finds itself in desperate need of funds to address the famine in southern Africa, receiving only about half of the $1 billion it needed, according to the UN coordinator for Somalia—Mark Bowden.

“Airdrops in South Sudan Reach Families Cut Off From Assistance”
United Nations World Food Programme. August 24, 2011.

A portion of South Sudan has been cut off from road access during the rainy season leaving the WFP with no choice but to deliver supplies by air.

Samaritan’s Purse: Food Distribution in South Sudan

“UN: Ramp up investment for water security”
Jenny Marusiak. Eco-business. August 29, 2011.

A report released on Thursday by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) found that targeted investments in global water management and infrastructure are critical to meeting international development targets, and to staving off pending crises due to water shortages.

The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture: Managing Systems at Risk
FAO. Routledge. January, 2012.

The State of Land and Water Resources (SOLAW) is FAO's first flagship publication on the global status of land and water resources. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change.

 

For articles on sugar and agriculture, see http://geschichte-transnational.clio-online.net/zeitschriften/id=113&ausgabe=6280

Ground-water development and management in developing countries: 25 years of United Nations activities, 1963-1988.
United Nations Dept of Technical Cooperation for Development. 1989.

A brief overview of water-management practices and their role in developing countries around the world.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 
Sergio Marchisio, Antonietta Di Blase, Graduate Institute of International Studies. Geneva, 1991.

Politics and Poverty: a critique of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
John Abbott. Routledge. London, 1992.

“Growth Theories, Old and New, and the Role of Agriculture in Economic Development”
FAO. 1996.

Los trasgénicos en América Latina y el Caribe; un debate abierto
Alicia Bárcena, Jorge Katz, César Morales, Marianne Schaper. United Nations Publication, Santiago, Chile, June 2004.

Discussion of the complex and controversial debate of genetically modified crops in Latin America, an important topic for discussion in Latin America considering the biodiversity and prominence of agriculture in the economy.  This book summarizes diverse perspectives on the topic and analyzes the broad environmental, social, and economic effects of the introduction of this new technology.  It specifically analyzes the introduction of the technology into Mexico and Argentina in corn production.  The book further ties in related issues such as intellectual property rights and ethics in the region.  Finally, it attempts to issue some recommendations to governments and the United Nations for the new technology.

"Scientists, plants and politics: A History of the Plant Genetic Resources Movement"
Robin Pistorius. Bioversity International. Rome, 1997.

How plant genetic resources conservation became a global issue; The 1967 FAO/IBP technical conference: ex situ conservation takes the lead; Breeding strategies and conservation strategies: some connections; Establishing a global ex situ conservation network; Conservation and use of genetic resources in two political arenas; In situ or ex situ? Conservation strategies in the 1980s and early 1990s.

Current Fisheries Issues and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Myron Nordquist & John Moore.Kluwer Law International. Cambridge, USA. 2000.

A conference co-sponsored by the FAO and the University of Virginia School of Law at the FAO headquarters in Rome. Topics discussed include recent developments and issues relating to the UN Fish Stocks Agreement, the Law of the Sea Convention, and the FAO Compliance Agreement. Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing is also examined, as well as the International Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and future directions in fisheries management.

The UN World Food Programme and the development of food aid
D. John Shaw. Palgrave. 2001.

This book tells the story of the growth of WFP from modest beginnings as a three-year experiment in 1963-65 to its current role as the main source of international food aid for both disaster relief and development against the background of the evolution and development of food aid.

Competitividad, sostenibilidad e inclusion social en la agricultura
Octavio Sotomayor, Adrian Rodriguez, Monica Rodgriguez.United Nations Publication, Chile, Santiago, December 2011. 

Addresses agricultural development in Latin America and the Caribbean and the ways in which it could be carried out to decrease inequality, ensure sustainability, and increase competitiveness.   

Agricultural Biodiversity in Smallholder Farms of East Africa
United Nations. 2003.

Smallholder farmers are the guardians, as well as the beneficiaries, of a greater diversity of biological species than can be found in protected areas. The farmers' diverse practices are conserving these species for the benefit of future generations. In turn, agricultural biodiversity is a primary way for the poor to cope with difficult biophysical environments and precarious social and political circumstances. The United Nations University Project on People, Land Management and Environmental Change (PLEC) studies and documents how the accumulated knowledge and experience of smallholders and their diverse practices lead to clear benefits for both biodiversity and society.

Water and Sanitation in the World’s cities: Local Action for Global Goals

United Nations Human Settlements Program.Earthscan. 2003

The world's governments agreed at the Millennium Summit to halve, by 2015, the number of people who lack access to safe water. With rapidly growing urban populations the challenge is immense. This book is a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the problems and how they can be addressed.

Organic Agriculture Environment and Food Security
United Nations. 2004

This publication examines the many facets of organic agriculture including its contribution to ecological health, international markets and local food security. It builds on empirical experiences throughout the world and analyzes the prospects for a wider adoption of organic agriculture. Numerous scenarios depicted in this publication represent the millions of people from all social and economic backgrounds who have adopted this new agrarian ethic on the integrity of food. The publication also discusses the lack of institutional support for nurturing existing knowledge and exchange in organic agriculture.

Biodiversity, nutrition and health: making a difference to hunger and conservation in the developing world.
Frison, Cherfas, Eyzaguirre& Johns. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. November, 2004.

The world has made great strides in reducing hunger, yet the problem of malnutrition,particularly the “hidden hunger” caused by missing micronutrients, constitutes aformidable challenge for the future. Biodiversity has a crucial role to play in mitigating theeffects of micronutrient deficiencies, which are debilitating hundreds of millions of peoplein developing countries, particularly children and women.

Food Aid After Fifty Years: Recasting its Role
Christopher Barrett & Dan Maxwell.Routledge. August, 2005.

This book analyzes the impact food aid programmes have had over the past fifty years, assessing the current situation as well as future prospects. Issues such as political expediency, the impact of international trade and exchange rates are put under the microscope to provide the reader with a greater understanding of this important subject matter.

World food security: a history since 1945
D. John Shaw. Palgrave Macmillan. 2007.

This book is the first comprehensive account of the numerous attempts made since the Second World War to provide food security for all. It provides a reference source for all those involved and interested in food security issues.

International Water Security: Domestic Threats and Opportunities
Nevelina Pachova. United Nations University. 2008.

Managing water is a challenging task, particularly in shared water basins that host more than half of the world’s population. This book explores threats and opportunities through the presentation of case studies that analyze the multi-faceted and dynamic nature of the interplay between domestic and international water security. A range of past, on-going and emerging international water disputes from the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe are examined.

Food and globalization: consumption, markets and politics in the modern world
Alexander Nutzenadel, Frank Trentmann. Berg Publishers, 2008.

Food has a special significance in the expanding field of global history. Food markets were the first to become globally integrated, linking distant cultures of the world, and in no other area have the interactions between global exchange and local cultural practices been as pronounced as in changing food cultures. In this book, the authors provide an historical overview of the relationship between food and globalization in the modern world.

FAO:its history and achievements during the first four decades, 1945-1985
Margaret Biswas. University of Oxford.2008.

In dead water: merging of climate change with pollution, over-harvest, and infestations in the world’s fishing grounds.
Nellemann, Hain& Alder. UNEP & Grid-Arendal.Nowary, 2008.

The World's oceans play a crucial role for life on the planet. Healthy seas and the services they provide are key to the future development of mankind. Our seas are highly dynamic, structured and complex systems. In this report, the locations of the most productive fishing grounds in the World are compared to projected scenarios of climate change, ocean acidification, coral bleaching, intensity of fisheries, land-based pollution, increase of invasive species infestations and growth in coastal development.

Global food and agricultural institutions
D. John Shaw. Taylor & Francis, 2009.

This text brings together for the first time the global institutions on the front line of the campaign against hunger and poverty. The institutions examined in this book - the FAO, IFAD, World Bank, the WFP and the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) - play important roles in achieving and maintaining world food security, which is essential for human existence, economic and social development and world peace.

Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change.
Economic Commission for Europe.United Nations Publications. 2009.

Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change aims to spur climate change adaptation that takes into account the transboundary dimension of water management. It is a novel and innovative product which focuses on the transboundary setting and illustrates the steps needed to develop an adaptation strategy.

The Hungry World: America's Cold War Battle Against Poverty in Asia.
Nick Cullather. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA. 2010.

From Angola to Afghanistan, a century's worth of U.S. efforts to reform agriculture and 'solve' the global riddles of food production and hunger continue to leave physical traces on the land and discursive traces on the way we imagine the world and America's role in it.Cullather has guided scholarsseekig to understand these phenomena, offering some of the most theoretically and methodologically sophisticated work in a field which has struggled to develop meta-narratives of development and U.S. foreign relations.

Usable Thoughts: Climate, Water and Weather in the Twenty-first Century
Michael Glantz & Qian Ye. United Nations. 2010.

Drawing upon a series of quotations taken from the World Meteorological Organization-sponsored publication, Climate: Into the 21st Century, the authors set out to encourage thought and discussion on the earth's climate system, including its interrelatedness to human society and the environment, the impact of climate variability, and climate extremes and change.

The African Food System and Its Interactions with Human Health and Nutrition
United Nations University.Cornell University Press. 2010.

Hunger, malnutrition, poor health, and deficient food systems are widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa. While much is known about African food systems and about African health and nutrition, our understanding of the interaction between food systems and health and nutrition is deficient. Moreover, the potential health gains from changes in the food system are frequently overlooked in policy design and implementation. The authors of The African Food System and its Interactions with Human Health and Nutrition examine how public policy and research aimed at the food system and its interaction with human health and nutrition can improve the well-being of Africans and help achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Sick Water? The Central Role of Wastewater Management in Sustainable Development.
UNEP. Earthpring. 2010.

Given that a healthier future needs urgent global action for smart, sustained investment to improve wastewater management, this report tackles the current challenges faced in wastewater management. It addresses the effects caused by population growth, urbanization and climate change and the possible solutions regarding these challenges.

Coping with hunger? Visions of a global food system, 1930–1960
Ruth Jachertz, Alexander Nützenadel, Journal of Global History 6 1 (2011) pp. 98-120.

Introduction: Transnational Networks in Agriculture, Food, and Health
Amalia Ribi Forclaz and Cornelia Knab (eds.) Special Issue of the Journal of Contemporary European History 20.3 (2011), pp. 247-277.

Famine responses in the world food crisis 1972–5 and the World Food Conference of 1974
Christian Gerlach, European Review of History (2015).

 

 

Global Map of subnational agricultural land-use statistics
Agro-MAPS is an interactive web-based information system on land use which contains statistics on primary food crops, aggregated by sub-national administrative districts, on crop production, area harvested and crop yields. The database was originally developed as a joint initiative by FAO, IFPRI (the International Food Policy Institute), SAGE (The Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment) and CIAT (The International Center for Tropical Agriculture) to support a variety of applications being developed separately by the three institutions.

FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Statistics)
FAOSTAT provides time-series and cross-sectional data relating to food and agriculture for some 200 countries.

CountryStat
National data on food, agriculture and poverty—with initial focus specifically on sub-Saharan Africa.

World Bank Data & Research
Data broken down by country, program, industrial sector and much more.Over 25 topics including agriculture, energy, environment, gender, health/nutrition, water resources, etc.

GLiPHA (Global Livestock Production and Health Atlas)
A visual representation on livestock levels, production (in terms of calories), length of growing periods and other global statistics.

AAAS Atlas of Population and Environment
This Atlas provides maps, data, expository text and figures that allow for incredible insight into population-environment linkages.

FAO Photofile Archive
The photo library on land management systems and conservation agriculture helps introduce practices of conservation agriculture and its benefits in the world by altering the distribution of photos focusing on conservation agriculture. Corresponding to the profound benefits of conservation agriculture and to the several management practices used in conservation agriculture the photo library is divided into twelve main subjects.

Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights: Special Rapporteur on the right to food
Since he took office, the current Special Rapporteur on the right to food has devoted much attention to the global food crisis, and in particular to examine to what extent the responses adopted at the international and national level to respond to this crisis have been able to integrate the right to food. There are numerous region and country-specific reports detailing everything from third-world development to Chinese food security.

World Health Organization (WHO): Nutrition for Health and Development

Water Safety Plan Manual: Step-by-step risk management for drinking-water suppliers
The guide developed by the WHO and IWA (International Water Association) to consistently ensure the safety and acceptability of a drinking-water supply.

U.S. Census Bureau POPClock Projection
The U.S. resident population of the United States, continually updated based on projections from the 2010 census.

International Development Research Centre Databases
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) supports research in developing countries to promote growth and development. The result is innovative, lasting local solutions that aim to bring choice and change to those who need it most. The database contains all of IDRC’s project descriptions and research outputs as well as a digital library of documents meant to help grantees gain visibility for their research.

World-wide Hydrogeological Mapping and Assessment Programme (WHYMAP)
The World-wide Hydrogeological Mapping and Assessment Programme (WHYMAP) was created in 1999 in order to contribute to worldwide efforts towards better managing the Earth’s water resources, particularly groundwater. In order to support the sustainable management of groundwater resources, it is necessary to map, model and quantify the stored volume and average annual replenishment of groundwater, while determining its chemical quality.

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

The Secretary-General's High-Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis
Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts - to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. “My High-Level Task Force is working to ensure that the UN system, international financial institutions and the WTO are ready to provide robust and consistent support to countries struggling to cope with food insecurity.”
- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

World Food Programme (WFP)
WFP is the food aid arm of the United Nations system. Food aid is one of the many instruments that can help to promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
The IFAD was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. The conference resolved that "an International Fund for Agricultural Development should be established immediately to finance agricultural development projects primarily for food production in the developing countries".

Wallace Center at Winrock International
The Wallace Center has been a key organization in fostering a more sustainable food and agricultural system in the United States since 1983. They’ve employed research, policy analysis and education to drive change that benefits farmers, urban and rural communities, natural resources and the health of citizens.

Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE)
“Grants and Education to Advance Innovations in Sustainable Agriculture”

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Division for Sustainable Development

The World Bank: Agriculture and Rural Development

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
Their mission is 'to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.'

UN-Water Photo Galleries
A collection of photo galleries ranging from World Water Day and UNEP to the IAEA and the WHO.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
In 1977, the United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) adopted a Plan of Action to Combat Desertification (PACD). Unfortunately, despite this and other efforts, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) concluded in 1991 that the problem of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas had intensified, although there were “local examples of success. ”

Hunger 101
This webpage contains numerous links to assist the school teacher introduce the concept of “hunger” to students by using numerous WFP resources. Here you will find links to useful information and publications which can be used to get Hunger issues into the classroom.

World Resources Institute
The World Resources Institute is a global environmental think tank that goes beyond research to put ideas into action. They work with governments, companies, and civil society to build solutions to urgent environmental challenges.

International Development Research Centre: Agriculture and Environment
IDRC supports applied research to find local solutions that will have lasting impacts on communities around the world. We are facilitators, drawing together the best scientific minds to collaborate on finding knowledge that works.

Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has 3 main objectives: 

1.       The conservation of biological diversity

2.       The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity

3.       The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
The need to fight animal diseases at global level led to the creation of the Office International des Epizooties through the international Agreement signed on January 25th 1924. In May 2003 the Office became the World Organisation for Animal Health but kept its historical acronym OIE. The OIE is the intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide.

European Commission: Agriculture and Rural Development

European Commission: Fisheries

 

UN Water
Organization dedicated to researching and addressing issues ranging from food and water to climate change.

World Water Assessment Programme
The World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP), founded in 2000, is the flagship programme ofUN-Water. Housed in UNESCO, WWAP monitors freshwater issues in order to provide recommendations, develop case studies, enhance assessment capacity at a national level and inform the decision-making process. Its primary product, the World Water Development Report(WWDR), is a periodic, comprehensive review providing an authoritative picture of the state of the world’s freshwater resources.

Water Sanitation and Health (WSH—affiliated with the WHO)

International Water Association (IWA)

Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC)
Twelve world leading research organizations have established an international water research alliance: the Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC). GWRC is a non-profit organization that serves as the collaborative mechanism for water research. The product the GWRC offers its members is water research information and knowledge.

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education was established in 2003. It carries out research, education and capacity building activities in the fields of water, environment and infrastructure. UNESCO-IHE continues the work that began in 1957 when IHE first offered a postgraduate diploma course in hydraulic engineering to practicing professionals from developing countries. It is the largest water education facility in the world.

International Hydrological Programme
The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) is the only intergovernmental programme of the UN system devoted to water research, water resources management, and education and capacity building. The programme, tailored to Member States’ needs, is implemented in six-year phases – allowing it to adapt to a rapidly changing world.

IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science
This center, located at the University of Dundee, researches issues relating to all aspects of international water around the world under the auspices of UNESCO.